How To Grow Peas

Sarah June 2, 2023

In this article, we will cover everything from choosing the right pea variety to planting, caring for and harvesting your peas. We will also provide you with some tips and tricks to help you get the most out of your pea plants. So, grab your gardening gloves and let’s get started on this exciting journey of growing peas!

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to grow peas:

  1. Choose a sunny spot with well-draining soil.
  2. Plant seeds 1-2 inches deep and 2-3 inches apart.
  3. Water regularly and keep the soil moist.
  4. Provide support with a trellis or stakes.
  5. Harvest peas when pods are plump and full.

Let’s dive in for more…

Growing Conditions for Peas

Peas are cool-weather crops that prefer temperatures between 45-75°F. They are hardy to USDA zones 2-9, making them adaptable to various climates. Peas love a sunny location with well-draining soil rich in organic matter. They’re particularly fond of slightly acidic to neutral pH levels, between 6.0 and 7.0. Early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked, is the best time to plant peas. They can even tolerate light frosts, though heavy frosts could damage emerging seedlings.

How to Plant Peas

Peas can be started from seeds or transplants, though sowing seeds directly into the garden is the easiest and most common method. To plant peas, dig a trench about 2 inches deep and sow seeds roughly 1 inch apart. Cover with soil and water well. If you choose to start with transplants, be gentle as peas have delicate root systems.

How to Grow Peas in Pots

Growing peas in containers is possible and doesn’t differ much from direct soil planting. Choose a pot at least 10 inches deep and wide, with good drainage. Fill with a good-quality potting mix, plant your seeds, and ensure they get plenty of sunlight.

How Long do Peas Take to Grow

Pea plants generally take 60-70 days to mature from seeds. Good soil, adequate sunlight, and consistent watering can expedite growth, while poor conditions can delay it.

How Big do Peas Get

Pea plants can range from 1 to 6 feet tall, depending on the variety and growing conditions.

How Much Sunlight do Peas Need

Peas thrive in full sunlight, but can tolerate partial shade. They need about 6-8 hours of sunlight daily.

How Much Water do Peas Need

Peas need 1 inch of water per week. Overwatering can lead to root rot, while underwatering can stunt growth. Signs of improper watering include yellowing leaves and wilting.

Fertilizing and Mulching Peas

Peas can benefit from a balanced, slow-release fertilizer or compost. They don’t typically require additional chemical fertilizers. Mulch around the base of the plants to retain moisture and suppress weeds.

How to Harvest Peas

Peas should be harvested when the pods are fully formed but still bright green. The best time to harvest is in the morning, by gently picking or snipping the pods from the plant.

Pest and Disease for Peas

Peas can be affected by pests like aphids and diseases like powdery mildew. Proper watering, good air circulation, and natural or chemical pest controls can prevent and treat these issues.

Sarah Hirsh

Hi! I’m Sarah and I live in a small town with my two boys. We have our own little garden where we grow vegetables every year. It's been so much fun to share my gardening journey in this blog!

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